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- Apple: Great fuel that burns slow and steady when dry.
- Ash: Considered one of the burning wood with steady flame and good heat output.
- Beech: Similar to ash.
- Birch: This has good heat output but burns quickly. The smell is also pleasant. It will burn unseasoned. Can cause gum deposits in chimney if used a lot.
- Blackthorn: Burns slowly, with lots of heat and little smoke.
- Cedar: puts out a lot of lasting of heat.
- Cherry: A slow burning wood with good heat output. Should be seasoned well.
- Elm: should be dried for two years for best results. You may need faster burning wood to get elm going.
- Eucalyptus: A fast burning wood. It is full of sap and oils when fresh and can start a chimney fire if burned unseasoned.
- Hawthorn: Good firewood. Burns hot and slow.
- Hazel: fast burning fuel but burns up faster than most other hard woods.
- Holly: good firewood that will burn when green, but best if dried a year.
- Hornbeam: Burns almost as good as beech with a hot slow burning fire.
- Larch: fairly good for heat. It needs to be seasoned well and forms oily soot in chimneys.
- Laurel: Produces a brilliant flame.
- Lilac: Thinner branches make good kindling, whilst the thicker burn well.
- Maple: A good all round firewood.
- Oak: Dry oak is excellent for heat, burning slowly and steadily. However, it must be seasoned for two years after winter felling. (Summer felled Oak takes many years to season well)
- Pear: Burns with good heat. Needs to be seasoned well.
- Pine species generally: Including Leylandii burns with a impressive flame. Leaves oily soot in the chimney.
- Plum: Wood provides good heat.
- Rowan: A good firewood that burns hot and slow.
- Rhododendron: burns well.
- Robinia: Burns slowly, with good heat.
- Sycamore: Burns with a good flame, with moderate heat. Must be seasoned.
- Sweet Chestnut: Burns when seasoned.
- Thorn: One of the best firewoods that burns slowly, with great heat and little smoke.
- Walnut: Low to good value to burning.
- Yew: This burns slowly, with fierce heat.
- Alder: Poor heat output and short lasting. A low quality firewood.
- Chestnut: A mediocre fuel that produces a small flame and weak heat output.
- Douglas Fir: A poor fuel that produces little flame or heat.
- Elder: A mediocre fuel that burns quickly without much heat output and tends to have thick acrid smoke.
- Horse Chestnut: A low quality firewood with a good flame and heating power but spits a lot.
- Laburnum: Completely poisonous tree with acrid smoke that taints food and is best never used.
- Lime: A poor quality fuel with dull flame.
- Poplar: A terrible fuel that doesn’t burn well and produces a black choking smoke even when seasoned.
- Wellingtonia: Poor for use as firewood.
- Spruce: poor firewood that burns too quickly and with too many sparks.
- Willow: A poor fire wood that must be dry to use. Even when seasoned, it burns slowly, with little flame.